Blue Action Fund supports national and international non-governmental organisations in their efforts to conserve the oceans and coastlines in the developing world. While their critical importance is well understood, human pressure continues and oceans and coasts are under severe threat. Additional funding is necessary so that existing conservation efforts can be continued and scaled up and new ones commenced. To respond to the need for new financial resources, in December 2016 the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), through the KfW Development Bank (KfW), established the Blue Action Fund. In June 2017, the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs joined as a donor. The Agence Française de Développement (AFD) became a donor in October 2018.